Tue. Sep 19th, 2023
    How to Extend the Lifespan of an Electric Car Battery

    Electric car batteries are crucial and expensive, so it is important to take proper care of them to avoid premature degradation and extend their lifespan. These batteries are composed of lithium ions, which lose some of their energy capacity over time and store less electricity.

    One way to care for lithium batteries is to protect them from heat, avoid improper charging, and high electric currents. It is not recommended to charge them to 100% or discharge them completely, but rather keep them between 20% and 80% of their total capacity. Additionally, it is not advisable to leave the battery fully empty or full when the car is parked for a long time.

    It is important to avoid fast charging, as excessive electric current over a short period of time can overload the battery and accelerate its degradation. It is recommended to opt for slow charging at home or use charging points installed in the streets.

    “State of Health” (SoH) is a term used to measure the aging of a battery. A new battery has a SoH of 100%, but it decreases over time. Manufacturers usually offer an 8-year or 160,000-kilometer warranty and recommend changing the battery when the SoH drops below 70%. If the battery of your electric car no longer lasts long, there are ways to give it a second life.

    To avoid accelerated aging, it is important to respect the charging cycles. Not all charging cycles go from 0% to 100%, it can be discharged from 100% to 50% and charged to 100%, for example. The higher the battery’s charging capacity, the fewer cycles it will have to complete, and the slower its degradation will be.

    In summary, it is crucial to take care of electric car batteries to prevent degradation and extend their lifespan. Protecting them from heat, avoiding fast charging, respecting charging levels, and considering the SoH are key measures to keep them in good condition and avoid costly breakdowns in the future.

    Source: Casacochecurro


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